In this chapter we learned about the effect of religiosity and spirituality on adolescent adjustment and well-being. A review of the literature shows that the effect is quite strong. In this activity, you will write an Annotated Bibliography of two research articles that examine this effect.  Then summarize your literature review in the form of what you would put on a PowerPoint and be prepared to share your information with the class on Tuesday March 22. The focus in this activity is not on the writing of the review but a sharing of the results. You may find your own research articles using Google; or locate the references used by your text; or the list of web sites listed at the bottom of this page. 

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You may wish to focus on the impact of religiosity on one or more factors, such as sexual activity, depression, self-esteem, and drug use or focus on the more general impact.

Adolescent Religiosity and Psychosocial Functioning (download a PDF of the document)


Is Belief in God Related to Differences in Adolescents’ Psychological Functioning?


Religion and Depression in Adolescence


Public and Private Domains of Religiosity and Adolescent Smoking Traditions


Buffering Effects of Religiosity for Adolescent Substance Use


Religiosity and Teen Birth Rate in the United States


Adolescent Religiosity and Sexuality



Annotated Bibliography 

Students’ Name

Institutional Affiliation

Course Name & Number


Date of Submission

Scott Jr, L. D., Hodge, D. R., White, T., & Munson, M. R. (2018). Substance use among older youth transitioning from foster care: examining the protective effects of religious and spiritual capital. Child & Family Social Work23(3), 399-407. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12429

According to Scott et al, adolescents have for long been increasingly involved in drug and substance abuse. At their age, they are exposed to experiment different habits most of which are harmful if they are not well guided and advised. Religious teachings have been identified as an effective intervention to help prevent and combat issues such as drug and substance abuse among the youth. Among the practices, youth can involve themselves to ensure a positive transition include participation in religious services to improve human spirituality. Organization and invitation to religious-led counselling and training on the negative effects of substance abuse may discourage their use. The study involved a total of 312 youth consisting of 179 individuals of African Americans and 133 white non-Hispanic individuals. Religion has been identified as a society construct useful in shaping individual behavior through inherent teachings and involvements.

The paper describes religion as a form of religious capital developed through the sense of belonging with religious groups. Spiritual capital is generated through the creation and maintenance of a strong relationship with the supreme being fostered by the moral responsibility to do good with the understanding that our bodies are the temples of the holy spirit. Increased spiritual and religious capital were associated with reduced association with drug use and abuse. A higher proportion of individuals who are highly associated with spirituality reported to have never involved themselves in hard drugs such as marijuana. Thus, there was high likelihood that youth who upheld spirituality and religion may have been exposed to hard drugs but had not given in to temptations involving abuse these forms of drugs. Spiritual and religious capital enabled them confront these issues more effectively leading to improved resilience.

Sigurvinsdottir, R., Asgeirsdottir, B. B., Ullman, S. E., & Sigfusdottir, I. D. (2021). The impact of sexual abuse, family violence/conflict, spirituality, and religion on anger and depressed mood among adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence36(1-2), NP577-NP597. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0886260517734860

The authors point out the prevalence stressful experiences relating from sexual abuse, conflicts, and family conflicts culminating into an increased risk of developing mental health issues. Adolescents are among the mostly affected population groups given their increased exposure to stressful experiences, According to Sigurvinsdottir and his co-authors, spirituality and religion serve to prevent the negative impact by reducing the development of mental issues among these groups of people as they transition to adulthood. To explain the existent relationship between sexual abuse, family-related conflict and spirituality, survey data was collected from 7,365 adolescents based on their exposure to stressful experiences and associated mental health issues.

The result findings indicated that spirituality worked to improve mood by decreasing anger among victims. Religious beliefs and teachings from parents and teachers significantly led to decreased anger among adolescents. Sexual abuse survivors had a tendency to dissociate from spirituality compared to their non-abused counterparts. This showed that survivors of stressful situations experienced relatively lesser spirituality and religion. The study supported previous findings that spirituality was regarded as a beneficial factor among victims of sexual abuse as it served to protect anger among the victims and would be victims. In this regard, spirituality played the role of minimizing the negative impacts associated with mental health due to stressful life experiences among adolescents.


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